Red Spots on Face

Conditions such as acne, rosacea, allergies and petechia are just a few of several conditions that can result in red spots on face. While the appearance of spots on face can be embarrassing and damaging to one’s self-esteem, they are usually not a sign of a serious illness and can dissipate with the proper treatment.

There are a few cases where red spots on face can be indicative of a condition that requires medical attention from a physician in order to properly treat them. The following discusses common conditions that can result in the appearance of spots on face and what the primary causes are.

Common Conditions That Cause Red Spots on Face

Acne

Acne breakouts are perhaps one of the most common causes of spots on face and they can also form on other parts of the body such as back, arms and chest. The primary cause of acne is an overproduction of sebum, or oil, although acne can also be caused by other factors such as hormones and stress. A further cause of acne is having acne-causing bacteria present on the skin, which is known as Propionibacterium acnes.

Other than the red spots and lumps that can appear on the skin as a result of active acne, blemishes can also leave scars behind on the skin that often are brown or red in color. While acne is most likely to develop during the teenage years, it can also extend into adulthood.

Acne

Allergies

An allergic reaction can also result in the appearance of spots on face, although they can also occur elsewhere on the body as well. The most common signs of an allergic reaction on the skin consist of itchy hives and a skin rash that can be prominent on the face and on other parts of the body.

Being exposed to allergens such as animal dander, dust, mold and mites are common causes of an allergic reaction on the skin. Red spots on face due to an allergic reaction can also occur if someone has a food allergy to products such as peanuts, dairy, soy, fish and wheat products.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that primarily affects adults. It creates a red appearance to the skin and develops into many red bumps and pustules that are predominately located on the cheeks, nose and forehead. While the exact cause of red spots on face due to rosacea are unknown, it is believed that the condition is triggered by stress, alcoholic beverages, spicy foods, exposure to direct sunlight and drugs such as corticosteroids and high blood pressure medication.

Telangiectasia

Telangiectasia is a skin condition in which dilated blood vessels are noticeable on the skin, mucous membranes and occasionally the whites of the eyes. These dilated blood vessels can be present anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found on the nose, cheeks and chin and also the area below the knees. Telangiectasia can produce marks on the skin that are blue, red or purple in color and can be compared to the appearance of rosacea.

Petechia

This condition is caused by bleeding that occurs under the skin. It creates spots on the skin that can be red or purple in color, which can appear on any part of the body, such as the face. The primary cause of petechia is excessive trauma, which includes vomiting or violent coughing. Usually the spots that occur on the skin as a result of this condition will dissipate on their own within a few days, but it can also be an indicator of a more serious condition called thrombocytopenia, or low platelet counts.

Measles

Measles often occur during childhood and it is an extremely contagious virus of the respiratory system. An obvious symptom of measles is the appearance of spots on face, which then progress and spread to other areas of the body.

Hemorrhagic Rash

This type of rash happens as a result of capillaries that cause bleeding under the skin. Diseases such as Dengue hemorrhagic fever and meningococcal diseases can present with a hemorrhagic rash and these diseases can be life threatening if they are left untreated.

Cherry Angioma

A cherry angioma is a skin growth that is non-cancerous and results in many small spots on the skin that are bright red in color. They can occur anywhere on the body but are most commonly found on the face, chest and stomach region. A cherry angioma generally does not need treatment since they are not life threatening.

Scleroderma

Scleroderma is another condition that can also create the appearance of red spots on the body and the face. These spots can become thickened, especially on the face and hands. Since there are a variety of diseases and conditions that can present themselves with red spots on face as their primary symptom, it is necessary to receive a diagnosis so that a treatment plan can be designed. While most of these skin conditions are not serious and will gradually fade over time, it is best to discuss any symptoms with a dermatologist. A dermatologist will be the most qualified to diagnose any existing condition and develop a treatment plan.

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