Rash On Face
If a person knows the symptoms and causes of rash on face, steps can be taken to receive the proper treatment. It is also possible to prevent the rash from occurring again in the future.
What is Rash on Face?
While no type of skin rash is good to have, rash on face is one of the most annoying and irritating types because it is impossible to hide. A rash is a form of allergic reaction. They are formed as a result of a bodily reaction to some sort of chemical introduced to the area, possibly through cosmetics, or introduced to the body systemically by eating certain foods or drinking certain beverages. The causes of rashes are different for each person. For this reason, anyone who gets a rash must keep a watch on what they are ingesting or putting on their skin in an attempt to discover the source.
Some rashes can begin in one area of the body and spread to other areas. A rash on face may originate there and move down to the neck, shoulders and back. By the same token, a rash on the neck or back may spread to the face or the forehead.
Symptoms of Rash on Face
A rash on the face can have many symptoms. The most noticeable and irritating symptom is one or more spots of red, inflamed skin. These spots can be itchy or painful. When a rash is severe, the red spots can be accompanied by other more severe symptoms. Some of these symptoms include sore throat, fever and other flu-like symptoms associated with strong allergic reactions. Other severe symptoms may include difficulty breathing or even fainting. The severity of the symptoms varies from person-to-person and by what is causing the rash.
Causes of Rash on Face
Numerous causes for a rash on face are possible. Many of these causes are due to contact with something containing a chemical structure that reacts with the skin. Other causes are from medical or environmental conditions. In some cases, parasites may cause rashes on the face or in other areas of the body. Following are some of the most common causes of rash on face:
- Acne – Acne takes many forms, the most common of which are whiteheads, which are red pustules with a white center, and blackheads, which are dark colored bumps. The most common site of acne is on the face and neck. The irritation caused by acne can cause rashes in the affected area.
- Acne rosacea – This is a form of acne characterized by red splotches on the face and neck. Papules may or may not be present. Acne rosacea may be present by experiencing anxiety, extreme heat and bacterial growth originating in the small intestine.
- Seborrheic dermatitis – Seborrheic dermatitis is more commonly known as dandruff. It affects parts of the scalp and the face near the hairline that are rich in sebum, a natural oil produced by the skin. In rare cases, this condition can move downward to affect the neck, shoulders and back.
- Eczema – Eczema is common in children who suffer from allergies or asthma. However, it can affect anyone of any age. Rashes caused by eczema may be on the face or on other parts of the body. If an eczema rash itches excessively, a doctor should be consulted.
- Fungal infection – Fungal infections of the skin can cause a rash. The rash is often circular and colored pink.
- Dengue Fever – This disease is transmitted to people by mosquitos. When infected mosquitos bite a new person, they can contract this disease, which causes rash and bleeding.
- Viral infection – One of the common symptoms of some viral infections such as measles and chickenpox is a rash.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus – This disease has a symptom that causes a red, butterfly-shaped rash to manifest over the nose and cheeks.
- Pregnancy – Pregnancy causes a change in hormone levels that can cause dry skin, acne and rash.
- Medication – Allergic reactions to medication can cause rash on face. The medications can be topical or ingested.
- Jewelry – Some people have an allergy to certain kinds of metals. Sweat can react with the metal that brings the metal deeper into the skin causing a rash.
- Head lice – Lice are known to carry infections. These infections can spread from the scalp to the facial area.
- Insect bites – Insects can have bites that cause an allergic reaction and rash. Some examples of insects that have rash-causing bites include bees and ants. Red bumps and that are very itchy are a symptom of the rashes caused by insect bites.
- Sun – The sun can cause a rash on face in several different situations. Many people find themselves with a rash when the ski on sunny days. The sun reflecting off the snow intensifies the effects of the UV radiation causing rash. The beach is another place where people find themselves with a sunburn that causes a rash.
- Fabric – Some people have an allergic reaction to some types of fabric. When this fabric is worn near the face, such as with a scarf or a coat, it can cause a facial rash.
- Food and beverages – Many ingredients used in foods and beverages that are perfectly safe for some people can cause the skin to break out in a rash for others.
- Cold – Cold, wintery weather can cause a rash to form on the skin. In the winter, the dry heat used in many homes only exacerbates the condition.
- Aftershave – Many types of aftershave are alcohol-based. Alcohol can cause a reaction on some peoples’ skin. This is easily fixed by switching to one of the many alcohol-free aftershaves.
- Sweat – Excessively sweating can sometimes irritate the skin, especially when the skin is not properly cleaned. Proper hygiene usually solves this problem.
- Cosmetics – Some cheaply-made cosmetics contain materials or chemicals that carry a high risk of causing rash, especial in those with very sensitive skin.
- Shampoo and conditioner – Some chemicals in shampoo and conditions, such as sodium lauryl sulphate, can cause itching and rash on the scalp and face.
- Hair dye, gel and spray – These products are not meant to be on the face. If it gets on the face, a rash may form.
- Aggressive washing – Washing the face aggressively with acidic soaps or cleansers can excessively dry the skin on the face causing a rash.
- Hot water – Washing the face with water that is too hot removes the protective oils from the skin and dries it out causing a rash.
- Chlorinated water – Swimming in water that is chlorinated can cause an allergic reaction in those with sensitive skin.
- Pollen – Many people are allergic to pollen. This allergy is known as hay fever and can cause rashes. Pollen is difficult to avoid because it is present in the atmosphere and cannot be seen. It also causes watery eyes and a stuffy nose.
- Ingrown hair – When hair grows backwards into its own follicle, it is called an in-grown hair. Ingrown hair on the face usually occurs with men more than women. Sometimes the problem can be corrected with changes to shaving habits.
Precautions to Avoid Rash on Face
Several precautions can be taken to avoid getting a facial rash. The most important precaution to take is to wash properly. The face should never be washed with excessively hot water. Only lukewarm water should be used. The face should be washed five to six times per day with only lukewarm water. It is also important to never scrub the face. It should always be washed gently but thoroughly. If a rash does occur, a poultice can be made of oatmeal that may help to clear it up. The rash should not be touched or scratched.
Whenever possible, do not cover the face. It should be open to the air except in extreme weather conditions. Then, it should be covered loosely. If it has to be covered, using neutral plastics or natural cotton will help to reduce the risk of a rash. Use only natural moisturizers on the face. Great natural products include vitamin E, aloe vera and cod liver oil.
Remember, a rash cannot be relieved instantly. Follow the advice above and just give it time. It will go away and you can avoid a recurrence.Read more: